When a loved one can no longer live independently, an assisted living provider can be a good option. Assisted living residences are for residents who would like to, and can, maintain some independence but need help with meals, housekeeping, and some of the activities of daily living (ADLs), such as showering, getting dressed, or personal hygiene.
Difference Between Assisted Living and Residential Care Community
In West Virginia assisted living residences are accommodations for four or more residents for the purpose of providing personal assistance or supervision to residents that require these services due to physical or mental impairment and who may require nursing care. Small facilities have a 4-16 bed capacity and the large facilities have 17 or more beds.
A residential care community means a group of 17 or more residential apartments where the larger community provides personal assistance and supervision to persons who have a physical or mental impairment or who may require limited and periodic nursing care, but who are capable of self-preservation and are not bed-ridden.
Independent living communities are a good housing option for seniors who can still live independently but want to downsize. Each resident or couple lives in a private unit, and most communities offer social programs so residents can meet their neighbors. Housekeeping, chores, and some meals may be provided, although these may incur an additional cost. Unlike the care given in an assisted living community, assistance with activities of daily living and medication management aren’t available in these communities.
Nursing homes offer the highest level of care of all senior living options. These communities provide around-the-clock supervision and skilled nursing care, and medical help is available. Generally, people in nursing homes have complex medical issues or need more residential care than is offered in an assisted living facility. West Virginia has both skilled nursing facilities (SNF) for people who require 24-hour care and intermediate care facilities (ICF) for people who don’t need as much medical care. The average cost of nursing home care in the state is $11,619 for a semi-private room and $12,212 for a private room.
Many seniors prefer to choose a community that will continue to meet their needs in the future. Continuing care retirement communities have independent living, assisted living, and nursing home facilities on the same property or owned by the same community. This model allows seniors to stay near their friends in familiar surroundings, even as their needs change. The care provided in the assisted living section of a CCRC is the same as in an assisted living community. The difference is that residents can easily move to a skilled nursing room if required. Often, CCRCs are bigger than ACHs, as they encompass more care options.
Supportive Housing is a residential facility designed for older adults or persons with disabilities who are unable to live independently. These individuals need help with toileting, bathing, dressing, medication management and administration, assistance with meals and housekeeping, and other activities of daily living. These individuals do not need regular nursing care. There are several housing options available that range from living in a facility to residents living in their own home or apartment, with community-based support services.
There are two types of in-home care available in West Virginia: homemaker services and home healthcare. Homemaker services generally provide personal care and may also help with errands, chores, and housekeeping. Home healthcare can deliver these services and also offer medical care such as skilled nursing and medication management. Unlike assisted living care, in-home care is provided to people in their homes, making it a good choice for those who prefer to age in place. However, it doesn’t give seniors access to the social and recreational programming of assisted living communities. The average cost of homemaker services is $3,527 and the average cost for home health aides is $3,575 per month.
There are over 50 assisted living facilities in West Virginia with over 3,600 licensed beds. Brookdale, the nation’s largest provider of assisted living operates one community in the state, but another 11 nearby. The two other large providers of assisted living in the state are Harmony (four communities) and The Wyngate Senior Living, which operates three communities in West Virginia.
The average cost of assisted living care in West Virginia is $4,160 per month. This is $340 lower than the national average of $4,500 per month. The cost of living in West Virginia is 9.5% lower than the national average with healthcare costs nearly 11.9% lower and housing costs 21.4% less than the national average. The exact price of care differs depending on where in the state you’re located. The cost of assisted living ranges from a low of $3,675 in the Wheeling area to a high of $5,700 per month in the Morgantown area of West Virginia.
If you live close to one of West Virginia’s borders, you may find assisted living in a neighboring state is an affordable option. The average cost of assisted living in Pennsylvania and Kentucky is lower than in West Virginia. Pennsylvania has an average cost of $4,100 and Kentucky has an average cost of $3,448 per month. Average costs in both Ohio and Virginia are higher than in West Virginia at $4,635 and $5,250
The average cost of assisted living in West Virginia is around $50,000 per year, so, understandably, you or a family member may be wondering how to pay for care. A range of options is available to fund senior housing in the state.
Selling a home is a common way for seniors to raise funds for assisted living care. Income from pensions and Social Security may also pay for some care. Other examples of private funds include your retirement accounts, mutual funds, and other investments.
Long-term care insurance covers personal care, residential care, and other long-term support and services. Each plan is different; however, most offer a daily amount based on the policy that pays for assistance with activities of daily living. Most people buy a policy in their 50s or 60s and access it when required. If you or your family member has a policy, read it carefully to see what care it covers.
West Virginia has one Veterans Home in the state, Barboursville. These homes provide skilled nursing care to residents of West Virginia who served in the military. The state’s Department of Military and Veterans Affairs also has offices around the state where team members can help people obtain benefits and services. This includes the Aid and Attendance Benefit, which can help qualified veterans fund personal care.
Elderlife Financial can help you understand how to pay for assisted living.
The services provided in assisted living communities generally come under three broad categories: personal care, medical care, and amenities.
Most people move to assisted living communities because they look for easy access to personal care. These services assist with activities of daily living, such as bathing, dressing, walking, and toileting. Communities also provide supervision and can deliver care for unforeseen needs or in cases of emergencies.
In West Virginia, ACHs must provide care and services in the resident’s care plan. This can include coordinating medical care and appointments. Communities may also deliver health services, with 80% of communities providing skilled nursing. Many have healthcare specialists and on-site services, with 48% of communities offering dental care. In addition, 59% of ACHs have hospice services.
ACHs may provide specialized care for people diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease or other forms of dementia. These special care units have additional security measures to ensure residents don’t wander, a common symptom of Alzheimer’s disease. Typically, they also offer programs designed to improve cognitive function and routines that help lower stress.
Mental health issues are a growing consideration for communities, and services to address these concerns are becoming more common. In West Virginia, 82% of communities conduct depression screening, and 38% offer mental health counseling. Social work programs are also found in 47% of ACHs. Social workers can provide counseling, conduct assessments, and help ensure residents have access to all the resources they need.
Amenities refer to other features and services of the community. ACHs offer three meals a day and coordinate activity programs to help residents stay active and connected with families and the community. West Virginia facilities must also provide transportation and laundry services and may offer housekeeping services.
The decision to move into an assisted living community can be difficult. Generally, you’ll notice changes in your loved one that suggest they need some assistance. Signs that this environment could be beneficial include increased isolation, loss of mobility, noticeable weight loss or gain, and signs that they’re neglecting household chores.
Your older family member may be the one to start talking about assisted living. For many seniors, the idea of moving into a home where cooking, laundry, and other chores are taken care of is appealing. For seniors who realize they need help with daily tasks, the addition of personal care may come as a relief. In West Virginia, 17% of residents need help with eating. Other commonly used services include bed transfer (31%), toileting (47%), and walking (59%). Caregivers in ACHs help 51% of residents to dress, and 74% of residents need help bathing.
If you think your family member would benefit from assisted living, start by talking about it openly. Highlight the positives of a move, such as social activities, cooked meals, and easily accessible assistance. Some ACHs provide respite care, which may allow your family member to have a trial run. Remember, this should be a conversation, not a lecture. Stay open to their opinion. If they’re not ready to transition to assisted living, talk about the care they need to stay at home.
There are 25 assisted living facilities in WV and the median cost of care is $5,649. The average rating of assisted living facilities in West Virginia is 3 out of 5 stars and the top ranked facility is Beulahland Assisted Living.
801 Peyton Way, Charleston, WV, 25309
Pet Friendly, Pool, Clubs & Communities, Restaurant Style Dining, Outdoor Areas,
2025 White Oaks Boulevard, Bridgeport, WV, 26330
Pet Friendly, Pool, Social Outings, Clubs & Communities, Outdoor Areas,
2205 New Hope Road, Princeton, WV, 24739
Outdoor Areas, Pool, Activity Center, Clubs & Communities, Beauty & Barber,
438 23rd Street, Oak Hill, WV, 25901
Pet Friendly, Fitness Programs, Social Outings, Outdoor Areas, Beauty & Barber,
699 South Park Road, Charleston, WV, 25304
Pet Friendly, Parking, Pool, Social Outings, Clubs & Communities,
1000 Maplewood Drive, Bridgeport, WV, 26330
Outdoor Areas, Housekeeping, Pool, Social Outings, Washer & Dryer in Unit,
2996 Point Marion Rd., Morgantown, WV, 26505
Pet Friendly, Pool, Clubs & Communities, Restaurant Style Dining, Outdoor Areas,
200 Greystone Drive, Beaver, WV, 25813
Pet Friendly, Activity Center, Clubs & Communities, Parking, Housekeeping,
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